Dr. Kearney has been trained in two medical specialties.
Gynecology is a medical specialty focused on the care of women, more specifically the medical care for the reproductive system. gynecology differs from obstetrics in the sense that obstetrics is concerned with the pregnant state of the reproductive system in women, while gynecology focuses on the non-pregnant state. Nonetheless, many gynecologists are also obstetricians, denoted by the acronym OB/GYN or OB-GYN.
Gynecologists utilize a variety of diagnostic techniques and procedures including pap smears, pelvic ultrasounds, dilation and curettage procedures (D & C), hysterectomies, STD testing and endometrial and cervical biopsies, among others. Gynecologists are trained to identify disorders and diseases affecting the ovaries, vagina, vulva, cervix, uterus, breasts and oviducts. Gynecologists are able to diagnose and treat conditions such as infections, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), congenital defects, infertility, tumors, menopause, inflammations and incontinence, among many others.
Although gynecology mainly focuses on the reproductive health of women, this area of medicine is also concerned with their overall health. Gynecologists generally share close relationships with their patients, creating a relationship based on trust and familiarity between patient and doctor, which assists in the delivery of care. Gynecologists are trained to educate women on sexual health, risk factors for disease, preparations for conception, and nutritional and exercise planning, among other areas.
Learn more about gynecology at MD.com.
Obstetrics & gynecology is a medical and surgical specialty focused on the care of the reproductive system in women in both the pregnant and non-pregnant states – obstetrics and gynecology, respectively. Although they are recognized as two separate fields of medicine, many physicians specialize in both areas to provide comprehensive care for women. When a physician specializes in both fields, they are referred to as an OBGYN or OB/GYN; the specialty is commonly abbreviated as OB/GYN, OBGYN or Obs & Gyn, among other variations.
As an OBGYN, these physicians are trained to provide pre- and post-natal care for pregnant women. This includes regular checkups and examinations to ensure healthy gestation and development of the baby, as well as looking after the health of the mother; this also includes tests for the transfer of hereditary disease from the mother to the child. During obstetric exams, tests like complete blood counts, sexually transmitted disease screenings, pap smears, amniotic fluid tests, and iron and glucose tests will be performed. Often times, the OBGYN will be present at childbirth, and will likely be the physician performing the delivery.
Gynecologic duties of an OBGYN include caring for women who are not pregnant, seeing patients for regular exams and the treatment of various gynecological diseases, disorders and complications. These physicians often perform annual preventive screenings that include a general physical examination, pelvic exam, breast exam, pap smear and a review of vaccinations, among others deemed necessary. OBGYNs are also trained to perform surgical procedures such as hysterectomies, tubal ligations (getting “tubes tied”), laparoscopies and cystoscopies, among others.
Learn more about obgyn / obstetrics & gynecology at MD.com.